King Hiero decided to place a golden crown in the temple as a gesture of thanks – offering to Gods after he won the throne of Syracuse. He made a contact at a fixed price and weighed out the gold for the contractor at the royal scale. The contractor worked on the given gold and delivered a beautiful crown equal to the weight of the gold given to him. Later, a charge was made that the contractor had removed the gold and added silver instead, to keep the weight equal. The king became furious and asked Archimedes to find out the facts.
While he was working on the problem in his mind he happened to go into a bath and noticed that when he got into the bath-tub, exactly the same amount of water flowed over the side as the volume of his body that was under water. This (accidental) observation gave him a clue to the solution. He jumped out of tub and in a rush of joy, he ran naked, shouting loudly ‘Eureka … Eureka …’ (i.e., I have found it ……, I have found it …….).
Archimedes could scientifically prove that the contractor had cheated the king. The silver in the crown, having a larger volume than an equal weight of gold, made the crown displaced more water than it would have, had it been made of pure gold.
Archimedes seemed to have found the novel and unique solution magically (all of sudden), but the truth is that even in bath tub, he was working on the problem (unconsciously) without being aware of it. In this example the process of Creativity (Creative thinking) is clearly seen. It refers to mental process that leads to solutions, ideas, artistic forms, theories or products that are novel and unique. Creative thinking involves the manipulation of images and other symbolic elements; the elements are rearranged (bypass) to achieve some goal in such a way that the pattern of symbols is totally new. It may be surprising how many great principles and ideas were achieved in buses, bathrooms, and bedrooms. Obviously, these are the places where the individual is relaxed and under little pressure.
Usually, even though it seems that creative solution to a problem has emerged all of a sudden, it is not so. Creative process takes (quite often) certain sequential step: (i) problem recognition (ii) preparation (iii) inculcation (iv) illumination (v) verification and evaluation. If for instance the solution to the problem does not stand verification, one goes back (unconsciously) to the beginning (step I) and repeats the process or else the final solution is accepted.
One may improve creativity by:
(a) Providing specific instruction in creative thinking as divergent thinking is in focus of such a process.
(b) Fostering openness to new experiences.
(c) Providing consigned and favorable social environment.
You may also improve your creativity by putting your thoughts and mind to proper use. For such achievement, you apply wings to your thoughts but not to wonder around and day-dream. Practice to think in divergent manners and unique ways to solve your problems. Diversion does not necessarily imply perversion or revolt. It only provides bigger challenge and more stimulation to your brain to work more independently. Remember, everyone has this potential. What you have to do is to put yourself in the situations where you have no common solution to the problem. Give your mind some exercise – the only way to be Creative is to think Creatively.